Wednesday, June 21, 2017

1000 Italian Words Sorted by Frequency of Use

This list contains the 1000 most frequent italian words, sorted by frequency.

Credits to wiktionary.

The full thing can be downloaded, for free, here: https://anonfiles.cc/file/570d420778a682be3ec83f42b2d10e75

Preview:

1. non

Etymology

From Latin nōn.

Pronunciation

             IPA(key): [non]

Adverb

non
1.          not
2.          un-

 

2. che

Pronunciation

             IPA(key): /ˈke/
             Hyphenation: che
             Rhymes: -e

Etymology 1

From Latin quid.[1], from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis.

Pronoun

che
1.          who
2.          what
3.          which

Etymology 2

From Latin quod, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kʷod-.

Conjunction

che
1.          that
2.          than
3.          when

References

               ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, ISBN 88-15-08638-2, page 139

 

3. di

Pronunciation

             IPA(key): /di/, [d̪i]
             Rhymes: -i
             Stress: dì
             Hyphenation: di

Etymology 1

From Latin (the name of the letter D).

Noun

di f (invariable)
1.          The name of the Latin-script letter D/d.; dee
See also
             (Latin script letter names) lettera; a, bi, ci, di, e, effe, gi, acca, i, i lunga, kappa, elle, emme, enne, o, pi, cu, erre, esse, ti, u, vu, doppia vu, ics, ipsilon, zeta (Category: it:Latin letter names)

Etymology 2

From Latin .[1]

Preposition

di
1.          of; ’s (but used after the thing owned and before the owner)
               L’ira di Apollo — “Apollo’s wrath” (literally, “The wrath of Apollo”)
               la coda del cane — “the dog’s tail”
               Canto dello sciatore — “Song of the skier”
               Dichiarazione Universale dei Diritti dell’Uomo — “Universal declaration of the Rights of [the] Man”
               Simbolo degli Apostoli — “Signs of the Apostles”
               Manifesto della cucina futurista — “Manifesto of the futurist kitchen”
               Dei delitti e delle pene — “Of [the] crimes and [of the] punishments”
2.          from
               Lei è di Monreale in Sicilia, ma adesso vive a Roma. — “She's from Monreale in Sicily, but she now lives in Rome”.
3.          by, of, ’s
               La mia canzone preferita degli U2? 'One' ! — “My favorite song by U2? 'One'!”
               La Divina Commedia di Dante Alighieri — “The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri” or “Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy”
4.          than
               Jack è più alto di sua moglie, Joan. — “Jack is taller than his wife, Joan.”
               Biden ha detto che l'economia USA è in condizioni peggiori di quanto pensasse. — “Biden says US economy is in worse shape than he thought.”
5.          (in superlative forms) in, of
               Pont Neuf è il più antico ponte di Parigi. — “Pont Neuf is the oldest bridge in Paris.”
6.          about, on, concerning
               Euclide scrisse diversi libri di matematica. — “Euclid wrote many books on mathematics.”
               Parliamo di sentimenti. — “Let's talk about feelings.”
7.          (expressing composition) of, made of, in or more often omitted
               Sei Nazioni: la Scozia gioca con l'Italia in un incontro decisivo per il 'cucchiaio di legno' . — “Six Nations: Scotland meet Italy today in a wooden-spoon decider.”
               Ho comprato una collana d'oro bianco — “I bought a white gold necklace”.
8.          (followed by an infinitive) to or omitted
               Lei ha detto di non preoccuparsi. — “She said not to worry.”
               Che devo fare se penso di avere un virus nel mio computer? — “What should I do if I believe I have a virus on my computer?.”
9.          some
               Vuoi dell'acqua? — “Would you like some water?”
Usage notes
             When followed by the definite article, di combines with the article to produce the following combined forms:
             The i can additionally optionally be elided before vowel sounds to form d'.
Derived terms
Terms derived from di

See also

             da

References

               ^ Angelo Prati, ""Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano"", Torino, 1951

 

4. e

Pronunciation

             IPA(key): /e/
             Rhymes: -e
             Stress: é
             Hyphenation: e

Etymology 1

From Latin ē (the name of the letter E).

Noun

e f (invariable)
1.          The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.; e

See also

             (Latin script letter names) lettera; a, bi, ci, di, e, effe, gi, acca, i, i lunga, kappa, elle, emme, enne, o, pi, cu, erre, esse, ti, u, vu, doppia vu, ics, ipsilon, zeta (Category: it:Latin letter names)

Etymology 2

From Latin et.[1]

Alternative forms

             (before a vowel) ed

Conjunction

e
1.          and

See also

             ed

References

               ^ Angelo Prati, ""Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano"", Torino, 1951

 

5. la

Pronunciation

             IPA(key): /la/
             Rhymes: -a

Etymology 1

From Latin illa(m), feminine form of ille.[1]

Article

la f sg (plural le)
1.          the
Usage notes
             The article la elides with words that begin with a vowel, becoming l'.

Pronoun

la f sg (plural le)
1.          her (direct object)
2.          it (feminine)
               ...una improvvisa timidezza però la immobilizza... (Pasolini) - ...a sudden timidity immobilized her though...

Etymology 2

Noun


Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
La (nota)
Wikipedia it
la m (invariable)
1.          (music) la (musical note)
2.          (music) A (musical note and scale)
Derived terms
             la maggiore
             la minore

References

               ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, ISBN 88-15-08638-2, page 127

Anagrams

             al

 

6. il

Etymology

From the older form lo, via an intermediate form l, from Latin illum, ultimately from ille. The initial i is a svarabhakti vowel added to the form l in order to make the pronunciation easier.[1]

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /il/

Article

il m sg (plural i)
1.          the

References

               ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, ISBN 88-15-08638-2, pages 123, 124

Anagrams

             li,

 

7. un

Etymology

From uno, from Latin ūnus (“one”).

Article

un m (see uno)
1.          an, a

Noun

un m (see uno)
1.          one

Adjective

un m (see uno)
1.          one

Pronoun

un m (see uno)
1.          one

Anagrams


             nu

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